Midwifery

Studying Midwifery in Turkey

Overview of Midwifery and Obstetrics:

The midwifery profession is one of the oldest professions practiced by women throughout history, because it is instinctive in women, as women rush to help others during pregnancy and childbirth to contribute to ensuring the health and safety of the mother and child.

This specialization is concerned with training, equipping and qualifying women to play the role of community health care specialists, where the midwife specializes in dealing with women during pregnancy and childbirth, providing them with the necessary care, dealing with newborns, and helping and guiding young mothers who do not have enough knowledge in terms of motherhood and child care.

The midwife also provides health services and routine procedures such as pregnancy screening, scheduling, screening the condition and completion of the fetus, determining the foods that suit the pregnant woman, and providing care for the newborn until he is one week old.

Although the level of education and experience of a midwife is very close to that of nurses, the midwife is concerned only with regard to pregnancy, childbirth and their consequences.

One of the advantages of midwifery study is that the midwife can work alongside gynecologists and can work independently if the expectant mother wishes to give birth naturally at home or hospital.

It is one of the specialties that have a promising future in many countries, including Turkey, as it is related to women, their health, and the health of their fetus and child with special skills mastered by students of this specialty.

Advantages of studying midwifery and obstetrics in general and in Turkey in particular:

Despite the development of medicine, the decline of midwifery to some extent, and the emergence of doctors specializing in the fields of obstetrics and gynecology, some societies still need legal midwives due to the reluctance of some to visit doctors, traditional thinking and other reasons.

One of the most places in need of midwives are rural places and communities in the whole world in general and in Turkey in particular, which paid great and intensive attention to the field of midwifery and obstetrics study, so it opened private schools and universities to teach this specialty, and separated it from nursing to make it an independent specialty by itself that attracts many students to study it in Turkey, where we find many advantages for studying it in Turkey, including: 

  • You canwork in different institutions

  • Wide areas of work

  • Practical training and application during the study period 

  • Possibility of freelancing

  • Study is affordable or low cost in Turkish universities compared to others

  • Allowing the teaching of this specialization in English or Turkish in Turkish universities

  • Low-cost living in Turkey compared to others

  • There are many facilities for international students such as scholarship opportunities and discounts

  • The distinguished educational staff in Turkish universities

Duration of studying midwifery and obstetrics in Turkey:

Female students study midwifery and obstetrics in Turkish universities for 4 years to obtain a bachelor's degree, and these four years may be increased by a fifth year that is considered as a preparatory year for language study.

Lessons and contents of midwifery specialization in Turkey:

The subjects of this specialization vary from one country to another and between one university and another, and the midwife varies according to academic achievement between a regular midwife and a nurse midwife accredited in medical centers, hospitals, obstetrics and gynecology clinics and children as a doctor's assistant, and among the subjects taught in this specialty in general:

  • Midwifery fundamentals.

  • Ethics and health issues.

  • Normal pregnancy.

  • Clinical nutrition.

  • Clinical Pharmacology.

  • The science of growth and evolution.

  • The natural birth.

  • Postpartum care.

  • Methods of scientific research for the midwife.

  • Health assessment of mother and child.

  • Basic nursing skills.

  • General anatomy, pediatric anatomy, pregnancy anatomy.

  • Physiology.

  • Communication skills with patients.

  • Pathology in a simplified form.

  • Microbiology in a simplified form.

  • Health education for mother and child.

  • Sex Sciences.

  • Children's diseases and their treatment.

  • Histology.

  • Fetal science.

  • History of midwifery.

  • Ethics of the midwifery profession.

The difference between the work of a gynecologist and a midwife

The role of the gynecologist differs from the role of the midwife, where the midwife can perform formal examinations in a very simple way and can contribute to the state of natural childbirth, but she remains unable to determine the sex of the fetus or determine the health status of it accurately, but one of the advantages of the midwife is that she can accompany the pregnant woman throughout pregnancy.

As for the gynecologist, althoughhe cannot accompany the pregnant woman throughout pregnancy like a midwife, he relies in his examinations on accurate and confirmed science and accurate medical technology, so that he is able to determine the sex of the fetus and ensure its safety and health in a relatively accurate ratio. He can also determine the nature of the birth, whether it will be caesarean section or normal.

The best Turkish universities that teach midwifery and obstetrics:

  • The best private universities to study midwifery and obstetrics in Turkey:

  • Biruni University

  • Istanbul Medipol University

  • Üsküdar University

  • Istinye University

  • The best public universities to study midwifery and obstetrics in Turkey:

  • Ankara University

  • Atatürk University

  • Istanbul University

  • Gaziantep University

Fees of studying midwifery and obstetrics in Turkey:

Tuition fees vary according to the universities and types, but studying in Turkey's universities   in general is more economical and less expensive than studying in universities ın other countries.

  • Fees of studying midwifery and obstetrics in public universities in Turkey:

 Although public and private universities have excellent equipment and strong infrastructure, the costs of studying in public universities are low compared to private universities, where the cost of this specialization, for example, is about (400 to 1000) USD annually.

  • Fees of studying midwifery and obstetrics in private universities in Turkey:

The cost of studying in Turkish private universities is high compared to the cost of public universities, and the cost of studying midwifery is about (2000 to 4500) USD annually. This specialization is taught in some universities in English.

Salaries of midwifery and obstetrics graduates in Turkey:

The average income and salary of midwifery graduates is about (6500 to 7500) Turkish liras, depending on the experience possessed by the midwife.

Areas of work of the midwifery and obstetrics specialization:

There are many areas of work available for midwifery and obstetrics studies, including:

  • Work in public and private hospitals

  • Work in the academic field in schools, institutes and universities

  • Work in pregnancy control and family planning clinics

  • Work in  maternity and postnatal care centres

  • Work in pregnant and family training centers 

  • Work in community health centers

  • Work in home care organizations 

  • Work in general areas such as coordination and supervision of departments or clinics

  • Work in scientific research centers

  • Independent work

Skills required and developed in the field of midwifery and obstetrics:

Female students of this specialization must have a number of skills, qualities and qualifications to succeed in scientific and practical life, and to continue learning and continue continuous learning without stopping, including:

  • Good health and physical safety

  • Withstand obstacles and hardships

  • Ability to solve problems quickly

  • Ability to self-control

  • Patience , dreaming and accuracy at work

  • Compassion and high professional ethics

  • Ability to withstand pressure

  • Attention to detail

  • Attention to hygiene

  • Teamwork skills

  • Ability to constantly develop and learn continuously

Equipment and tools used in the midwifery profession:

  • Children's pool

  • Monitor the heartbeat of the baby.

  • Thermometer

  • Listening device

  • Educational tools and equipment 

  • Hand brush

  • Hand Scale

  • The glove

  • The injector and the needles

  • Pregnancy follow-up charts

  • The towel

  • The silk thread 

  •  Enema device

  • The scissors

  • The mask

  • Tarp and apron

  • The soap

  • Sterile gauze

  • Sphygmomanometer

  • Tincture of iodine

  • Gingham

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