Public Universities in Turkey

Public Universities in Turkey - Tuition Fees & Ranking الجامعات الحكومية في تركيا - رسوم التخصصات - شروط التسجيل

Public universities in Turkey are considered one of the most important universities in the world in terms of the quality of education, and the adoption of modern curricula, and they also embrace many students from different nationalities and countries because of Turkey's good reputation in terms of great educational capabilities and infrastructure equipped to carry out research and studies.  

Turkey public universities, like other universities in various countries, are very advanced, which is characterized by a high level and global ranking, and some ones modest, but the most important thing that distinguishes Turkey's public universities is their large number and distribution throughout the Turkish territory, as the number 131 public universities, as the number of Turkish states in which there is no university is zero and there is at least one university in each state.


public universities in Turkey Tuition Fees:

Many students are looking for the best public universities in Turkey with good global ranking and at the same time low costs, so that the student can continue their academic studies in addition to the possibility of obtaining a job opportunity in equal with their studies.  The low tution fees of public universities in Turkey are one of the most attractive advantages for international students

The fees of public universities in Turkey for foreigners range from $ 500 (such as the Middle East Technical University where fees vary according to the faculty) and up to $ 8.000 (such as Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University for medical specialties and $ 3000 for engineering specialties).


Required Exams

About the YOS exam:

It is an apre-exam for foreign students wishing to study in Turkey public universities consisting of 80 questions in logic and mathematics, each university conducts its own exam and some universities accept the YÖS exam for other universities. The YÖS unified test began in 2022 in many countries

About the SAT test:

It is the entrance exam for students in American universities, through which the thinking and analytical skills of advanced students that they will need at the university level are measured, where the questions are distributed to the reading, writing, and mathematics sections.

About the GRE exam:

It is a test that done by students who have completed their bachelor's degree and wish to pursue their educational achievement and study for master's and doctorate, through which the student's ability and the possibility of success in the next academic stage are measured, and it includes questions in multiple areas, including analytical writing, mathematics and the possibility of using vocabulary.

About GMAT:

It is an international exam for students wishing to study business administration or any of the administrative specializations, for the bachelor's and master's degree, containing multiple questions that measure the student's ability to think and critically analyze.

Public universities in Turkey Advantages

1- public universities in Turkey Ranking is very high and there are many universities ranked among the top 500 universities in the world.

2- The prices of public universities in Turkey are low.

3- Diversity of specialties and study programs.

4- Turkey's universities are recognized in most countries.

5- Because the government supports universities, public universities are characterized by advanced laboratories and scientific staff.

6- Most public universities in Turkey are located outside Istanbul, which reduces the cost of study and living for students in Turkey.

Public universities in Turkey Disadvantages

1- The different requirements for admission to public universities in Turkey from one university to another.

2- Most public universities require the YÖS test to accept foreign students.

3- There are specific periods for registration at public universities in Turkey.

4- Most study programs are available in Turkish; however, some majors are available in English in public universities.

5- The difficulty of obtaining admission to study medicine in public universities in Turkey, and intense competition for seats in medical specialties.

6- Intense competition and the preparation of an enormous number of students that register at public universities in Turkey.

Turkey public universities application conditions

The admission requirements of public universities in Turkey vary from one university to another, as obtaining admission to a public university is much more difficult than obtaining admission to a private university, below we will discuss the admission requirements for various stages of University study.

1.    Undergraduate Admission Requirements:

-   Universities that require the YOS exam for admission: In Turkey, some public universities are not satisfied with the high school certificate but require a special admission test, and some others recognize the admission test for some other public universities, this test is known as the"YOS exam" and it is necessary to focus on that the YOS exam does not replace the High School certificate, but the comparison is made between the faculties of this university and its specializations based on the YÖS mark without taking into account the student's marks in the High School certificate, as, Istanbul  University accepts its own YÖS exam only, while Gaziantep University accepts its YÖS exam and Istanbul University's YÖS exam.

-       Public universities are required for international tests for admission: Some public universities require their students to enter one of the international tests such as the ACT or SAT or the British High school tests AL such as Bogazici University and Hacettepe.

-   Turkish public universities that accept without YOS, that is universities that accept local and international High School certificates for admission: Many universities accept Arab and local High School certificates for registration, and they also accept international tests as well, but they give priority in the comparison between their faculties and specializations to students with international test certificates.

-   Universities that require the YÖS exam and international tests together to obtain a university seat in them, such as Yıldız Technical University.

-   Universities accept all certificates and exams but give priority to students who have the YOS exam and international tests.

➢   Obtaining admission and studying medicine in public universities in Turkey: If you want to study medicine in Turkey's public universities, most public universities require that their students must have a YOS certificate or an international certificate with a very high average approaching 100% for the YOS exam.

➢   Obtaining admission and studying in engineering and literary faculties in public universities: Most public universities in Turkey require the YÖS test for admission to their majors.

2.    Conditions for studying PhD and Master in public universities in Turkey:

According to the admission requirements for the master's degree, universities are divided into two parts:

● The first part requires the GRE or GMAT test.

● The second part accepts registration directly based on a bachelor's degree.

public university placement application

Where several ways of placement application differ from one university to another, as Below:

-   Some universities adopt electronic placement applications.

-   Some universities adopt electronic placement applications in addition to sending the required papers for registration by mail.

-   Some universities require filling out their registration form manually in addition to sending the required documents for registration by mail.

-   Some universities adopt a direct differentiation system where the student travels to the university and submits the necessary papers for registration by hand.

-   In some universities, it is required to pay fees to apply for the placement application, these fees range from 20 - 150 dollars, which vary from one university to another.

-   Some universities require an interview with students before they are admitted.

public university placement in Turkey application dates

1. applying for university placement for the undergraduate degree: Application dates vary from one university to another, as some public universities in Turkey start applying for them in May and continue for two weeks, and others start applying in  June or July, but in general, applying for university placement for public universities begins in the last week of April of each year and the application ends in the last week of September, and some universities open more than one comparison for application, due to Some students have applied for differentiation to more than one university and have obtained admission to another better university, so they do not complete the registration, so the number of students is not completed through the first placement.

Also, some universities open more than one placement application, including for students with a YOS certificate, and others for students with international test certificates, and a placement for local students with a local High School certificate.

2.    Applying for university placement for the masters and doctorate degree:

Public universities do not open registration for postgraduate placement applications at the same time, but it varies from one university to another, but in general, applications are opened twice during the academic year, the first time in June or July and the second time in December or January.

3.    Documents required to apply for the placement application for the bachelor's degree in public universities in Turkey:

● High school certificate.

● Transcript of a high school diploma.

● A copy of the passport.

● Personal photo.

● YOS test certificate or international tests "if any".

4.    Documents required to apply for the placement application for the master's and doctorate degrees in Turkey:

1. Bachelor's degree in case of applying for a master's degree and bachelor's and master's degrees in case of applying for a doctorate.

2. Transcript for the bachelor's degree in case of applying for a master's degree and transcript for the bachelor's and master's degrees in case of applying for a doctorate.

3. At least one letter of recommendation from either a university or a company.

4. Speech of motives.

5. Some universities require GRE certification.

Public Universities in Turkey FAQS

1- When does registration start at public universities in Turkey?

Registration for public universities begins in the fourth month of the year for the bachelor's and associate degrees, registration is done for the master's degree in Turkey for two periods each year. Summer period and winter period.

 

2- What are the advantages of public universities in Turkey?

Turkey's universities are characterized by a high global ranking and the costs of studying in public universities are low

 

3- What are the costs of studying in Turkey's public universities?

The prices of public universities vary according to specialization and university, but they are much lower than private universities

 

4- What are the costs of studying medicine in Turkey in public universities?

From 4000 to 8000 dollars annually, and varies according to the university and the language of study, and it must be recalled the difficulty of admission to public universities

 

5- Is studying in Turkish public universities difficult?

The difficulty of studying depends on the university major, the language of study, and the student's abilities.

 

6- What are the best public universities in Turkey?

There are more than 170 public universities in Turkey, there are more than 20 universities among the top 1.000 universities in the world.

 

7- What are the tuition fees for public universities in Turkey?

The tuition fees of Turkey's public universities were similar to the tuition fees of Turkish students, but they were raised to become from 300 to 600 dollars for bachelor's majors in general, and medicine majors from 4.000 to 8.000 dollars for.

 

8- What are the costs of studying dentistry in Turkey in public universities?

From 3.000 to 7.000 dollars per year, varies according to the university and the language of study.

 

9- What are the conditions for studying engineering in Turkey's public universities?

The priority of admission to engineering programs is for students who have passed the international tests or passed the YÖS test in Turkey.

 

10- What are the costs of studying physiotherapy in Turkey in public universities?

The costs of studying physiotherapy in Turkish universities range from 300 to 600 dollars annually.

 

11- What is the number of public universities in Turkey?

The number of public universities reached 170 universities in the Turkish states.

 

12 - What is the difference between public and private universities in Turkey?

Public and private universities in Turkey differ in study costs, admission requirements, and language of study.

 

13- What are the public universities in Turkey that do not ask for a YOS certificate?

 Most public universities ask for YÖS in the first placement application, while abandoning the YÖS requirement in the second and third placement applications.

 

14- What is the method of registration in public universities in Turkey?

The student can register himself at public universities after translating and certifying his documents into Turkish. And they can ask the company which offers educational services in turkey.

 

15- How difficult is it to get admission to Turkey's public universities?

The difficulty of obtaining admission varies according to the university major. But it is worth noting that due to the great competition, admission opportunities to public universities are available to students with international tests and YOS.

 

16- Are public universities in Turkey free?

No, public universities are not free, but the costs of studying in them are very low.

 

17- What is the reason for the names of public universities in Turkey?

Universities in Turkey are named after Turkish influencers throughout history. As Necmettin Erbakan University, Suzhou Imam Khatib University, Mimar Sinan University ... etc

 

18- How many public universities are there in Istanbul, Turkey?

The number of public universities in Istanbul reached 12 universities.

Your short and useful guide to studying in public universities in Turkey

1- Studying in public universities is not free.

2- Many majors are available in public universities, most of which are taught in English

3- The prices of study in Turkish public universities are low.

4- The competition for admission to public universities is high, do not compete if you do not have alternative plans so as not to lose the academic year.

5- Most companies charge nominal fees for the service of placement applications at public universities.

6- It is not possible to pay university fees in public universities from outside Turkey.

7- If you do not have international test results or the result of the YOS test, it is better to stay away from universities with high ranking or located in tourist states such as Istanbul and focus on intermediate universities and those located in small states.  

8- Start studying Turkish before you come to Turkey

9- Start the study residence procedures as soon as you come to Turkey.

Turkey Public Universities

International students can study in public universities in Turkey, but the admission requirements for these universities vary. Registration for Turkey's public universities begins in the fourth month of each year, and registration for the master's degree takes place in two time periods, the summer and winter periods. Public universities are characterized by high-ranking and low university fees. Due to the great competition for seats in public universities, especially the seats of medicine and dentistry, we advise students to get YÖS tests or TR-YÖS unified tests to increase the chance of their admission. They can also enroll in private universities in Turkey without any conditions. 

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Disadvantages of studying in Turkey | Pros and Cons عيوب الدراسة في تركيا | عيوب الجامعات الخاصة و الحكومية
Study in turkey
One of the most important advantages of study in Turkey is the low cost of living and studying in Turkey compared to European countries, in addition to that most of universities in Turkey provide their students with the possibility of studying in Turkey in English, which contributes to preparing  Turkish university graduates to enter the global labor market.  Necessary for them during the work of their research and studies.Turkey is ranked globally as the seventh best country to live and work, ahead of many Western countries, and ranked sixth as the most attractive country for students and tourists, with the number of visitors to Istanbul alone reaching more than 115 million people within 15 years for the purpose of work, study, and tourism.Also, most of the private universities in Turkey and public universities in Turkey have student exchange agreements with many European and international countries, which allow students of these universities to study for one semester or a full academic year in one of the partner universities in student exchange programs, which allows students to make global friends and gives them opportunities to learn about different cultures from several countries around the world.  The disadvantages of study in Turkey cannot be considered compared With its advantagesBelieving in the importance of investing time, Turkish universities help their students to make the best use of their time through student clubs that organize events, conferences, and cultural and social activities.Information about studying in Turkey :Turkey is a culturally diverse country and home to some of the oldest and most prestigious universities in the world, and Turkey has invested in the field of education and its spending on the educational process has increasedby 725% from what it was in 2002 to become today an incubator for more than 209 universities and seeks to reach 500 universities by 2025, as Turkey doubled its support for educational institutions,  And worked to attract students  to study in Turkey  and because of  government support and increased spending on education, Turkish universities have become strongly competing with major international universities in terms of the quality of education and low university fees, in addition to its strategic location in the middle of the world made it an economic and cultural center and formed a bridge linking East and West and Asia with Europe, all of that  In addition to the distinguished services that university students receive in Turkey, where the number of foreign students study in Turkey has reached 4 million students from different countries around the world, as Turkey has become  the first, best and most suitable student destination to live and study thanks to its strategic location and reasonable living costs in addition to low university tuition.6 of the best university of Turkey were also selected  among the top 500 universities at the global level, and the rest of the universities occupied distinguished ranks as well.The number of Turkish states in which there is no university is zero, as each state has at least one university, there are 209 universities throughout the Turkish territory, including 131 public universities (11 technical universities, two universities of fine arts and one institute of advanced technology, in addition to the Police Academy and the National Defense University) and 78 endowment universities (private), most of which are concentrated in the cities of Istanbul and Ankara.
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Disadvantages of studying in Turkey | Pros and Cons عيوب الدراسة في تركيا | عيوب الجامعات الخاصة و الحكومية
Disadvantages of studying in Turkey
Before starting to talk about the disadvantages of studying in Turkey  , we should talk about the history of study in Turkey for international students   Turkey has started a program to attract internationals since 2012, and the Turkish government has developed a lot of targeting and strategies to attract foreign students wishing to study in Turkey  and increase their numbers in both  public universities and private universities.The number of international students began to increase since 2014 very significantly, and Turkey has become one of the most desirable countries by students wishing to study abroad. The Turkish government plan was to reach 300,000 foreign students in Turkish universities by 2023.In view of pros and cons of studying in Turkey , we note that the disadvantages of studying in Turkey are limited to the non-educational section .  Universities in Turkey  have a global ranking and academic efficiency at the theoretical and practical levels, in addition to the diversity of laboratories, research centers and technical cities. With the increase in the number of foreign students, the Turkish government has prepared the infrastructure to receive international students, but because there is no special department concerned with the affairs of international students in Turkish universities , where international students are registered with Turkish students in the same centers, so some negatives have appeared that students coming to study in Turkish universities suffered between 2014 and 2018 .As a result of this shortage, some service offices, student union presidencies and unofficial representations appeared , taking advantage of the students' need and their lack of knowledge of study procedures in Turkey. After the year 2018, all Turkish universities established a special department for accepting international students in all Turkish universities, and the task of these administrative units is limited to international students, registering and guiding them in their university life and completing their procedures in the study residence . With the establishment of these centers and the increase in the number of international students wishing to study in public universities, a new policy began in accepting international students based on each university conducting the YÖS exam (the YÖS exam is a local exam conducted by Turkish universities to select international students)You can read our article on the YÖS exam for more information. Conducting the test for each university separately led to conducting these tests on unstructured dates where it is possible that there are two tests for two different universities on the same date. To get rid of this problem, the Presidency of the Turkish Higher Education Council, starting from 2023, will conduct the Unified YÖS test inside and outside Turkey.You can read our article about the unified YOS (TR-YÖS) We will mention only the disadvantages that still exist, as most of the disadvantages of studying in Turkey have been fixed.
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الجامعات الخاصة في تركيا - اسعار وتخصصات جامعات تركيا الخاصة  Private Universities in Turkey - Tuition fees & conditions
Private universities in Turkey
Private universities in Turkey are widely  demanded by students from around the world and are supervised by the Supreme Council of Turkish Universities and are recognized inside and outside Turkey and their number is 70 universities in various Turkish states  and most of Turkish private universities are based in Istanbul and then the capital Ankara and compete with the prices of private universities in Turkey   and Western universities, and many programs are available in private universities in Turkey in English in addition to Turkish and other languages such as French, Arabic and German, and studying medicine in Turkey private universities give their students many advantages and study facilities, and the reason for choosing them from international students is due to the possibility of ensuring admission to most of Turkish private universities, the presence of many language-speaking educational companies Arabic and English, which helped enroll students in these universities, and also have many advantages that make them a center of attraction for students, and we will mention all these features in this article.University life in Turkey private universities :University life in Turkish private universities is characterized by its vitality, as it allows the student to get to know students of different nationalities and gives him the opportunity to establish international friendships and learn about different cultures, as Turkish private universities are distinguished by attracting international students from different countries of the world , in addition to that most private  universities in Turkey have membership in the Erasmus student exchange program with universities of the European Union countries, which gives students the opportunity to learn about these countries, there in habitants and the nature of life In addition, there are other student exchange programs such as Al-Farabi and Mawlana. Advantages of studying in private universities in Turkey1. No tests are required for admission to it, as it is sufficient for the secondary certificate to apply in addition to the language certificate in which the student will study his university specialization, and it is possible to study in English or Turkish, with the exception of the following universities that have special conditions for admission, namely Koç University, Sabanci University, Bilkent University, TOBB University .2. The ranking of private universities in Turkey is high at the level of international universities, as according to international rankings, 6 private universities in Turkey  are among the top 500 universities in the world.3. It provides all the majors that the student wishes to study in English and Turkish, which gives the student multiple options in addition to the availability of bilingual education within the university itself through the preparatory year for teaching the Turkish language.4. Turkish private universities adopt English as the primary language of instruction to the Turkish language.5. It contains an infrastructure equipped with the latest technology represented by modern classrooms and libraries that contain many sources of printed and electronic information, in addition to laboratories and laboratories that help students in their practical and applied training.6. In its curriculum, it observes the application of European standards in addition to adopting the European grading system, which enables the student to equalize his degree in any European country and follow up his educational achievement in it.7. These universities offer their students many internal and external student exchange programsthat allow students to acquire different skills and cultures and build international friendships.8. It allows the student to study two majors together, which is known as (Double major), i.e. studying another major in match with the study of the original specialization and the possibility of the student obtaining two university degrees.9. The possibility of obtaining initial university admission directly without placement and admission tests, in addition to the possibility of contacting the embassy to facilitate visa procedures for students wishing to study in Turkey.10.  It gives its students the possibility to study in the most important and largest Turkish cities such as Istanbul and Ankara, where most of the private universities are concentrated.11.  Organizing many student activities that will relieve pressure on students and give them a stable and happy university life and its great interest in student clubs through which students can develop their social skills.12. The number of students in private universities in Turkey  is lower than in public universities, which helps students understand their lessons and the possibility of interacting with the lecturer more.13.  Most private universities offer private student housing, in addition to the possibility of renting apartments shared with other students.14.  Some private universities provide their students with buses dedicated to transporting laptops to and from the university, in addition to that most private universities are characterized by the proximity of university housing to the university campus so that the cost of transportation becomes very low and almost non-existent.15.The prices of private universities in Turkey for most majors range between $3,200 to $8,000 per year except for the costs of studying medicine in Turkey in private universities that range from $11,000 to $25,000 per year.
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دراسة الطب في تركيا | رسوم و تكاليف دراسة الطب البشري   Study Medicine in Turkey - Conditions & Tuition Fees
Studying Medicine in Turkey
in this article we will discuss and review study Medicine in Turkey advantages , tuition fees and university ranking , so after the great development witnessed by Turkey at all levels, and with the Turkish government's plan to attract internationals wishing to study in Turkey, so studying medicine in Turkey was one of the most desired requests by foreign students wishing to complete their university life in Turkey. Medicine is considered one of the most ancient specialties throughout history because of its human value.Medicine is available in both private universities in Turkey and public universities , and this specialty is taught in both Turkish and English .With the increase in the number of foreign students who want to study medicine in Turkey  and with the limited seats available by universities, the admission requirements for the specialty of medicine in Turkey have increased, and the difficult admission requirements are considered one of the disadvantages of studying medicine in Turkey. As the lowest rate to  study medicine in Turkey for public universities is 90% in the YÖS exam. The lowest acceptance rate in private universities is 70% in high school (baccalaureate).Duration of studying medicine in Turkey The number of years of Medicine study in Turkey is 6 academic years, after completing which the student obtains a license in medicine and is called a general doctor.The first three years of study are limited to theoretical subjects and students begin practical lessons in Turkish hospitals in the fourth year of their studies.After obtaining a general medicine degree, students wishing to complete the study of medicine in Turkey can take the TUS exam and  choose the appropriate specialization (and we will mention the specialization  programs available for the specialization of medicine in Turkey).
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Studying in Engineering in Turkey - Costs & Universities  دراسة الهندسة في تركيا | رسوم و تكاليف دراسة الهندسه
Studying Engineering in Turkey
The attention of international students has been directed for studying engineering in Turkey at  all its specialties  in recent years, and this is due to many reasons, for most of which is the great industrial development that Turkey has witnessed, in all areas of industry such as the drone  industry, the automotive industry, the military industries, the clothing and carpet industry, and the manufacture of some electronic parts, and one of the reasons for studying in Turkey for engineering disciplines is also the low costs of studying engineering, Advantages of studying engineering in Turkey, the absence of many disadvantages of studying engineering compared to its advantages.The study of engineering in Turkey is also divided into two faculties: the Faculty of Engineering and the Faculty of Technology.duration of studying engineering in Turkey :1- The duration of studying Bachelor of Engineering in Turkey The number of years of studying Bachelor of Engineering in Turkey is 4 years, and students in the Faculty of Engineering are required to attend practical training in one of the factories or engineering centers associated with his field of work in both the summer semester for the second and third year, in addition to that, due to the orientation of the Faculty of Technology to train students for the labor market, engineering students in the Faculty of Technology are required to train in factories or engineering centers for a full semester in the last year. 2- The duration of studying Master of Engineering in Turkey The number of years of the Master of Engineering in Turkey is two academic years, students study in the first year 8 study tracks, and the second year allocates a thesis for students wishing to study a theoretical master's, and the second year is devoted to the project for those wishing to study a practical master's . 3- Duration of studying doctorate in Engineering in Turkey The number of years of engineering doctorate programs in Turkey is 4 years , divided into scientific tracks and doctorate thesis .
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Studying Dentistry in Turkey - Costs & Universities دراسة طب الاسنان في تركيا | رسوم و تكاليف دراسة طب الأسنان
Studying Dentistry in Turkey
Turkish Universities and health centers have developed surprisingly in the past years , and this progress has been accompanied by the development of studying  dentistry in Turkey , and the low costs of dental implants and cosmetic dental surgery in Turkey have been accompanied by the development of private dental centers and their spread significantly, especially in big city .The specialty of dentistry is one of the most famous specialties in Turkey, due to the large number of job opportunities and salaries of dental graduate students in Turkey, and as a result of the great demand by Turkish and international students to study dentistry in Turkey Acceptance rates have risen to be very close to medical acceptance rates . According to the decisions of the Presidency of the Turkish Higher Education Council related to the admission of international students in each of the specialty of medicine,  Dentistry, Pharmacy, which stipulates that the number of international students in these disciplines does not exceed the number of international students, so the acceptance rates in these disciplines have increased significantly.Duration of studying Dentsitry in Turkey:The number of years of dental study in Turkey is 5 years, when the student completes a license in dentistry.Dental students study theoretical subjects for two years, practical subjects begin in the third year, and receive practical training in hospitals in the last two years.After obtaining the certificate of general dentistry, students wishing to specialize can pass the DUS test  and then choose the appropriate specialization.
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